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Dianne Noland

University of Illinois

 

USING NATIVE PERENNIALS in the FLOWER BORDER. . . .

BLENDING WITH NATURE

10 tips to success

 

1) PLANNING!!  DAYDREAMING!!  PLANNING!!                

 

2) SITE CONSIDERATIONS & PLANT SELECTION

          Sun, partial shade, shade                    

Soil type &/or Drainage           

Dry, Medium, Wet 

 

3) KEEP LISTS

 

DRY

  • pale coneflower Echinacea pallida
  • stiff goldenrod Solidago 
  • prairie milkweed Asclepias sullivanti
  • smooth aster Aster laevis                                              
  • New Jersey tea Ceanothus americanus                            
  • leadplant Amorpha canescens                       
  • rattlesnake master Eryngium yuccifolium                        
  • downy sunflower Helianthus mollis                                   
  • large-flowered beardstongue Penstemon grandiflorus                         
  • butterfly weed, Asclepias tuberosa, viridus                    

 

WET

  • Cardinal Flower  Lobelia cardinalis
  • Culver’s Root  Veronicastrum virginicum
  • Joe Pye Weed  Eupatorium maculatum
  • Obedient Plant  Physostegia virginiana
  • Prairie Trillium  Trillium recurvatum
  • Wild Iris     Iris shrevei
  • Common Rush  Juncus effusus
  • Prairie Cordgrass  Spartina pectinata

4) INCORPORATE THE DESIGN PRINCIPLES

 

         Proportion           Large scale – use seeds or seeds/plants combination

Small scale – use plants, divisions &/or seeds

 

         Balance                symmetrical vs. asymmetrical

       

         Rhythm                moving the eye throughout the garden through

      color, shapes, etc.

         Dominance           “Variety within Unity”

 

5) IDENTIFY YOUR DESIGN STYLE          

 

Formal, informal, cottage garden, rustic, prairie

 

6) USE A VARIETY OF PLANT HABITS 

 

Low spreading, Mounded, Vase shaped, Upright, Two tiered

 

7) USE A VARIETY OF TEXTURES

 

          Fine                               MeDiuM                          BOLD

          prairie smoke                  prairie clover                  wild ginger

          blue-eyed grass               grasses                           silphiums              

                                                baptisia

 

Combination textures – Flowers and Foliage have different textures

Joe pye-weed

pasque flower

 

8) PAY ATTENTION TO PLANT PLACEMENT

 

          Edging, Foreground, Midborder, Background with Accents for Emphasis

 

          Meadow or Prairie situation – use creative layering

Varied Heights are layered throughout the planting

 

 

9) PLANT FOR SEASON-LONG IMPACT! 

 

A listing of native plants to whet the appetite! 

Combine these plants with your garden favorites.

 

SPRING

 


 

Amsonia tabernaemontana  blue star       Dodecatheon meadia       shooting star

Anemone canadensis  meadow anemone    Geum triflorum                prairie smoke


 

Anemone patens        pasque flower           Heuchera richardsonii     prairie alumroot          

Anemonella thalictroides rue anemone     Lithospermum canaescens prairie puccoon

Baptisia alba             wild white indigo     Penstemon grandiflorus   l-f beardstongue

Baptisia leucophaea   creamy wh. indigo   Phlox pilosa                       prairie phlox

Camassia scilloides   wild hyacinth                        Polygonatum biflorum     Solomon’s seal

Carex  (lots)              sedges                       Sisyrihchium campestre  blue-eyed grass

Chrysogonum virginianum   goldenstar      Viola pedata                     bird’s foot violet

Dentaria laciniata     toothwort

SUMMER

 

Allium cernum            nodding onion          Helianthus mollis              downy sunflower

Amorpha canescens    leadplant                 Liatris pycnostachya,spicata  blazing star

Aquilegia canadensis   columbine               Lobelia cardinalis                  cardinal flower

Asclepias tuberosa     butterfly weed      Monarda didyma, fistulosa    bee balm

Asclepias sullivanti     prairie milkweed     Parthenium integridfolium    wild quinine

Ceanothus americanus New Jersery Tea Penstemon digitalis               beardstongue

Dalea purpurea          prairie clover                        Rudbeckia                          black-eyed Susan

Echinacea purpurea purple coneflower     Ruellia humilis                                   wild petunia

Eryngium yuccifolium rattlesnake master            Veronicastrum virginicum     culver’s root

Filipendula rubra      queen of the prairie Verbena hastate                   blue vervain


 

 

LATE SUMMER to FALL

 

Andropogon gerardii   big bluestem                      Physostegia virginiana      obedient plant

Aster ericoides, laevis, novae-angliae        Ratibita pinnata           prairie coneflower

Bouteloua curtipendula side-oats grama   Schizachyrium scoparium little bluestem

Chasmanthium latifolium  N. sea oats       Silphium laciniatum        compass plant

Chelone lyonii, glabra       turtlehead       Silphium perfoliatum      cup plant

Deschampsia caespitosa   hairgrass                      Solidago – many             stiff goldenrod

Eupatorium maculatum   Joe pye weed     Sporobolus heterolepis  prairie dropseed

Lobelia siphilitica       great blue lobelia    Vernonia fasiculata        ironweed

 

More lists . . .

Butterfly Attraction

 

Alliums                                                                  Helianthus

Amorpha – leadplant                                               Heliopsis

Aster laevis – smooth aster                                   Liatris

Baptisia – indigo                                                    Petalostemum -- clovers

Ceanothus – New Jersey tea                                  Phlox pilosa

Echinacea                                                              Rudbeckia

Eryngium yuccifolium – rattlesnake master             Silphium

Eupatorium                                                            Verbena hastata -- blue

                                                                                                     Vervain

 

RESOURCES

 

Your local garden center – more places are stocking native plants

 

Mom’s Weekend Flower Show – April 17-18

 

Prairie Nursery Inc.
P. O. Box 306, Westfield, WI, 53964

1-800-476-9453 (800-GRO WILD) Fax: 608-296-2741

 

Pizzo Ecological Restoration   www.pizzo.info/

 

The Natural Garden         www.thenaturalgardeninc.com

 

The Native Plant Nursery   plants@nativeplant.com (Michigan)

 

LaFayette Home Nursery   www.lafayettenursery.com

 

 

Great educational site by Janice Coons, my colleague at EIU http://www.eiu.edu/~n_plants/index.htm

 

Great book – The Native Plant Primer by Carole Ottesen, Harmony Books 1995

 

 

 

10) PLANNING ON PAPER!!        PRELIMINARY PLANNING WORKSHEET           

                                                                                                                  

Site________________    Sun or Shade? ________    Style___________

 

                   Plant            Color            *Landscape       Spacing      Habit       Texture                                                                   Placement

Spring

1.

 

2.

 

3.

 

4.

 

Summer

1.

 

2.

 

3.

 

4.

 

Fall   

1.

 

2.

 

3.

 

4.

 

* E = Edging        F = Foreground      M = Midborder       B = Background      L= Layered

 

Combinations with existing landscape plants --

 

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